The 'Novelty' steam locomotive, c 1830.
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
Detail from a coloured lithograph by R Martins after an original drawing by Charles Vignoles (1793-1875) showing 'Novelty' hauling a wagon containing wool and other goods. The Novelty was designed and built by John Braithwaite (1797-1870) and John Ericsson (1803-1889) in 1829 and was based on road steam carriages of the time. It was entered in the Rainhill Trials competition of 1829, which aimed to establish the most efficient locomotive for haulage on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. The competition was won by the 'Rocket', designed by George Stephenson (1781-1848) and Robert Stephenson (1803-1859).