'Opening of the First Public Railway - the Stockton and Darlington', 1825.
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
Colour print after the original sketch by John Dobbin (1815-1888). The Stockton & Darlington Railway (S&DR) was the world's first public railway. The S&DR was built to link the collieries in West Durham and Darlington with the docks on the River Tees at Stockton in Durham. At the opening of the railway, on 27 September 1825, large crowds saw chief engineer George Stephenson (1781-1848) at the controls of 'Locomotion', the locomotive built by Robert Stephenson & Co, as it pulled 36 wagons to the Stockton terminus.