Prestwich Kinematograph camera, 1898.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
J A Prestwich made this camera in a wooden case for wide film. Although 35mm film was adopted as the standard for movie film, in the early days a variety of larger film formats such as 48mm were also used, providing brighter, sharper pictures. Prestwich was one of the first manufacturers to fit cameras with detachable film magazines, which allowed exposed film to be quickly replaced. As a number of scenes could be exposed on the longer lengths of film offered by the Prestwich, a footage indicator dial was included.