Confederate Generals of the American Civil War, c 1863.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Clockwise from top left: Confederate Generals James Longstreet (1821-1904), Jubal Anderson Early (1816-1894), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (1807-1891), John Cabell Breckinridge (1821-1875) and John Bell Hood (1831-1879). Albumen prints from the album asembled by John Downes Rochfort. Many Confederate generals had graduated from the same West Point clases as their Union counterparts and served in the US Army alongside them before the war, but when the southern states seceded, their loyalty to their state came before that to the Union. President Lincoln had even offered Robert E Lee command of the Union army, but Lee refused, as his home state, Virginia, was part of the Confederacy.