Lumiere Cinematographe, c 1900.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Coloured lithograph by H Brispot, printed by F Appel, Paris. A crowd talks excitedly about the new innovation in moving pictures. In 1895 Auguste Lumiere (1862-1954) and his brother Louis (1865-1948), pioneers of motion photography, invented the 'Cinematographe'. This was the first machine to project images onto a screen. The film ran from the top spool holder through the projector to a box in the stand below. The Lumiere brothers gave the first cinema show at the Grand Cafe on the Boulevard des Capucins in Paris on 28 December 1895. The same year, they built the first cinema, in Lyons, France. Over the next five years, the Lumieres amased a huge catalogue of film shot around the world by their team of photographers.