TIROS 1 meteorological satellite, 1960.
© National Aeronautics & Space Administration / Science & Society
Artist's impresion of the TIROS 1 (Television Infra-Red Observational Satellite) meteorological satellite. TIROS 1, the first of a series of 10 experimental metsats, was launched on 1st April 1960. It returned over 20,000 pictures of the clouds in the Earth's atmosphere during its 78-day operational life.