The Capitol Building, St Louis, Misouri, USA, c 1865.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Albumen print from the album asembled by John Downes Rochfort. Rochfort visited all the major American Civil War sites in 1867 and some of the photographs he purchased en route have since become some of that war's best known images. Up to this date war had been portrayed as a series of heroic tableaux; these photographs revealed the realities of war for the first time. The courthouse is shown here shortly after its completion in 1862. A row of hansom cabs are lined up along the kerb. Misouri was one of four states which allowed slavery, the others being Delaware, Kentucky and Maryland, that chose not to secede from the Union and join the Confederate side in the war.