Savannah River, near Savannah, Georgia, USA, 1866.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Albumen print by G N Barnard, from the album asembled by John Downes Rochfort. Rochfort visited all the major American Civil War sites in 1867 and some of the photographs he purchased en route have since become some of that war's best known images. In August 1864, Union army commanded by General William T Sherman marched into Georgia. Atlanta fell on 1st September 1864, greatly boosting Union morale. The city was badly damaged by fires started by Sherman's army when they moved on in November. They marched on through the state, leaving a trail of destruction 300 miles long and 60 miles wide behind them. Sherman reached the coast at Savannah, which surrendered to him on 21st December 1864.