Akeley 35mm cine camera, 1918.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Invented by Carl Akeley (1864-1926), curator of the American Museum of Natural History, this camera was of unique design. The film was contained in a single magazine inside the camera. The shutter was cylindrical and ran round the inside of the body. Akeley cameras were mainly used for documentary films, notably Robert Flaherty's (1884-1951) 'Nanook of the North' (1922).