Kinora viewer, 1908.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Invented by the Lumiere Company in France in 1897, the Kinora only came into widespread use when the British Kinora Company reintroduced the concept in 1908. These home viewers came in a variety of styles (this is a folding wooden model) but were all based on the flip book principle: by turning a handle the reel revolved causing the pictures to flip over against a static peg; the moving pictures were viewed through an eyepiece. Kinora reels were derived from a variety of cinema films, though a camera was available for making home movies.