'Transplantation of Teeth', 1787.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Thomas Rowlandson (1756-1827) ridiculing the fashion for tooth transplantation from living donors that was in vogue in the late 18th century England. This dubious practice became popular after it was championed by the famous physician, John Hunter. Here Rowlandson, a notable painter and caricaturist of fashionable life shows an unfortunate pauper having a tooth removed for the use of the fashionable lady next to him. The two donors leaving the room are nursing their jaws and examining the payment they have just received.