Medicine chest belonging to Henry Morton Stanley, late 19th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904) was a newspaper correspondent sent to Africa in 1869 to try to locate the mising Scottish explorer and misionary Dr David Livingstone (1813-1873). Stanley succeeded in finding Livingstone, alive but in poor health, on the shores of Lake Tanganyika two years later, famously greeting him with the words; "Dr Livingstone, I presume." Livingstone died in 1873, but Stanley continued his exploration of central Africa, then largely unknown to Europeans. His greatest expedition was the succesful crosing the continent from Zanzibar in the east to the Atlantic from 1874 to 1877, charting the course of the river Congo in the proces.