Medicine chest used by Captain Scott, 1910-1912.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Made by Burroughs Wellcome & Co, this chest was used by Scott on the first part of his Antarctic expedition. Being of lighweight metal construction, airtight and waterproof, cases such of this were used by various explorers from the 1880s onwards, including Stanley, Amundsen and Nansen. Captain Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) left the East India Docks, London on 1st June 1910 in the 'Terra Nova' bound for the South Pole, Antarctica. Scott reached the South Pole on 17th January 1912, only to discover that the Norwegian expedition under Roald Amundsen had beaten them by a month. Delayed by blizzards, and running out of supplies, Scott and his team died at the end of March. Their bodies and diaries were found by a search party eight months later.