Steel fleam and bloodstick in mahogany case, 1850-1853.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This fleam and bloodstick, made by James Arnold of London, were awarded as a clinical prize by the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, in December 1853. Fleams were very popular, from the beginning of the 18th century onwards, for making the incision into the vein of an animal for blood letting, which was particularly common in horses. A bloodstick was used to strike the back of the fleam to force the blade into the vein.