'Improved Swinging' dental chair, English, 1885.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Dental chair made of cast iron with velvet and leatherette upholstery, by C Ash & Sons, London. By the end of the 19th century, dentistry was becoming a recognised profesion, and while many dentists' surgeries still resembled richly furnished sitting rooms, specialised furniture such as this dental chair were increasingly in use. The adjustable chair allowed the dentist to position his patient accurately, in order to work either by daylight, or with extra light provided by an oil or gas lamp.