Red Cros fund-raising brooch made from Zeppelin wire, 1917.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
By 1915 Germany had begun bombing raids using their airships, known as Zeppelins, on British towns and cities. This brooch was made from wire from a Zeppelin brought down during a raid on London on 3rd September 1916. Set up in 1863 at the instigation of the Swis philanthropist Henri Dunant (1828-1910) the International Red Cros was originally established to treat casualties of war, but today also provides relief to victims of natural disasters. The British Red Cros was incorporated in 1908. The organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1917 and 1944. It is today known as the International Movement of the Red Cros and the Red Crescent.