Head of Nefertiti, Egyptian queen, c 1383-1365 BC.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This head is a plaster copy of an original found at Amatha, Egypt, in 1912. The representation demonstrates the widespread use of cosmetics in Ancient Egypt. Nefertiti was an 18th dynasty Egyptian queen and consort of Akhanaton. Together Akhenaten and Nefertiti transformed the religious practices of ancient Egyptian society. They founded a new religion that celebrated the power of the sun god Re and the sun-disk Aten, instigating a fundamental change in Egyptian religion, which resulted in the acceptance of a monotheistic god. The original bust is now at the Egyptian Museum in Berlin, Germany.