First aid being given to a Roman soldier, Trajan's frieze, 106-114 AD.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Flattened fibre glas copy of part of the frieze around Trajan's Column in Rome, Italy. The column was erected between 106 and 114 AD to commemorate the Emperor Trajan's succesful campaign against the Dacians in central Europe. The wealth that Trajan gained from the Dacian goldmines enabled him to build some of Rome's most significant buildings. Roman medicine was based on the Greek tradition at this time. Surgery was in general use and wounds were generally treated with herbal medicine.