Two wooden anatomical figures, 17th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Anatomical figures of a male and a female with removable chest and abdomen covers. Some religious restrictions on disection were lifted in the 15th century, which led to the wider study of anatomy, using models like these as extra teaching aids. Both figures show the heart and lungs, one shows a pregnant female with a baby in the uterus, and the other shows the kidney and intestines in a male.