Newcomen Colliery winding engine, Coalbrook, Shropshire, c 1790.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This engine (seen here in the mid 19th century) was made and used at Coalbrookdale, in around 1790. Thomas Newcomen (1663-1729) was an English inventor who, together with Thomas Savery (c 1650-1715), constructed a practical working steam engine in 1712 for use in collieries to pump water from mines. Engines designed on Newcomen's principle were widely used in industrial centres acros Europe.