Nikon F3 HP camera body and f1.8 50mm lens, c 1980.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Launched in 1980, the Nikon F3 HP is a single lens reflex (SLR) camera designed for profesional photographers. It was the first camera in Nikon's F series to make use of electronics, which means it is somewhere between traditional manual focus SLRs and fully automatic models. The photographer can either focus manually or set the camera to aperture priority mode, whereby he chooses the desired f-stop (aperture) and the camera works out the shutter speed required for a correct exposure. The Nikon F3 series were very succesful and were still in production 20 years after they first appeared on the market.