Elizabethan galleon 'Elizabeth Jonas', c 1600.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Rigged model (scale 1:48). This model is based on the draughts for the 'Elizabeth Jonas' from papers known as 'Fragments of Ancient Shipwrightry' by Matthew Baker, collected by Samuel Pepys and preserved at Cambridge These vesels are all galleon-built, with a forecastle set well back from the stem and a long projecting beak. The decoration was carried out principally by contrasting paintwork. With the exception of the figurehead, in the form of an elaborate dragon, there is little carving. The main armament of warships such as this consisted of bras and cast-iron muzzle-loading guns such as the culverin and demi-culverin, long range weapons firing 18 lb and 9 lb cannonballs respectively.