Dutch galliot, or beurtschip, c 1775.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
From contemporary pictures it appears that the 18th century beurtschip was generally employed for the transport of pasengers as well as cargo. However, the very elaborate carvings and ornamentation of this contemporary model suggest that she was occasionally converted to a yacht. They were strongly built oak vesels with bluff bows and a round stern, and no keel.The stout single mast carried a large spritsail, with a fore and aft topsail, jib, and a aquare topsail set between two yards.