PS 'Atlantic', 1850.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph by S Walters, showing the paddle steamer 'Atlantic', the pioneer vesel of the ill-fated Collins Line. With her three sister-ships, the 'Baltic', the 'Pacific' and the 'Arctic', she formed the first serious competition with British steamships acros the Atlantic. In 1852 The Atlantic made a record crosing from New York to Queenstown, Ireland, of 9 days 17 hours 5 minutes. The Arctic was lost at sea in 1854, as was the Pacific two years later, and these disasters led to financial difficulties which brought an end to the Collins Line's sevice in 1858. The Atlantic herself was purchased by the US Navy and used as a troopship in the American Civil War, before resuming transatlantic service with the North American Lloyd Co in 1866. She was broken up in 1871.