Edison Gem phonograph, 1903.
4 0 c m
 
32cm
actual image size: 24cm x 32cm

Edison Gem phonograph, 1903.

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

Description

Within twenty years of its invention by Thomas Edison (1847-1931) in 1877, the phonograph became a popular means of entertainment, creating a demand for more affordable instruments. Edison's answer was the Gem, introduced in 1899. This cheap, all-metal machine, which could play but not record, continued in production (with many modifications) until 1913. One winding would play two of Edison's two-minute cylinders. Later models were also able to play the four-minute Amberol cylinders which Edison introduced in 1908.
 

Image Ref.

10263061
 

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