The 'Vowel Y' washing machine and wringer, 1897.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This popular model was made in many sizes by Thomas Bradford of London and Manchester, the most famous 19th century washing machine manufacturer. The washing is placed in the hexagonal wooden tub and rotated by the handle on the left. Wooden slats inside the tub help to tumble the clothes. The mangle is remarkable in having rollers of small diameter, for these were not widely adopted by other makers until about thirty years later. Front view.