Coal wagon, Newcastle, Tyne and Wear, 1773.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Print taken from 'Description des Arts et Metiers part two; L'art d'exploiter les Mines de Charbon de Terre' published by the Acadamie Royale des Sciences in Paris. A boy is sitting on the back of the wagon and a horse is walking behind him. In the background staithes and keels can be seen. In Newcastle, keelmen formed a distinct community in the Sandgate area and they ferried coal on keel boats to collier ships on the river Tyne. By the late 18th century, coal staithes were able to load coal directly from rail wagons onto ships.