Liverpool Mercury' advertisement for locomotive engine, 1829.
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This outer sheet (front and back pages) of the 'Liverpool Mercury' newspaper was published on 1 May 1829. It contains an advertisement placed by the Liverpool and Manchester Railway for an improved locomotive engine. The advertisement eventually led to the Rainhill Trials of October 1829, which were a series of speed tests to find the most suitable locomotive for haulage on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. The 'Rocket' designed by Robert and George Stephenson won the trials.