Stephenson's 'Rocket', 1831.
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
Coloured drawing made in 1836 showing the locomotive as rebuilt in 1831. The 'Rocket', designed by Robert Stephenson (1803-1859) and George Stephenson (1781-1848) became famous after winning the Rainhill Trials, a competition staged in 1829 to establish the most efficient locomotive for haulage on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. The Rocket ran on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway from 1829 to 1836 and the Midgeholme Colliery Railway in County Durham between 1836 and 1840.