Pedestal wash-down closets, 1902. Pedestal
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Pedestal wash-down closets, 1902. Pedestal wash- down closets, 'The Cedric' and 'the Deluge'. An engraving from the 1902 catalogue of Thomas Crapper and Company. Thomas Crapper (1837-1910) started a plumbing busines in Chelsea in 1861 and pioneered some of the most revolutionary designs of sanitary engineering in the 19th century - particularly in developing the modern WC cistern.