Pedestal Wash-down Closets. The 'Invictas' and the 'Lennox'. An engraving from the 1902 catalogue of Thomas Crapper and Company. Thomas Crapper (1837-1910) started a plumbing busines in Chelsea in 1861 and pioneered some of the most revolutionary designs of sanitary engineering in the 19th century - particularly in developing the modern WC cistern.
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