The first fibre-tip, 1962, and an early ball- point, c 1945.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The fibre-tip pen (bottom), was invented in Japan in 1962 by Masao Miura and Yukio Horie. It appeared in Britain in 1967. The radically new writing device, with ink feeding through the tip by capillary action, was inspired by the writing brushes used in the East. The ball-point pen was invented by Ladislao Jose Biro (1899-1985), whose brother Georg helped him to develop the ink. The first 'Biros' were made by the Miles Aircraft Company in the UK but, by Christmas 1945, the Miles-Martin Pen Company had taken over.