Lumiere Cinematographe camera-projector, French, 1896.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The Cinematographe, invented by Auguste (1862-1954) and Louis (1864-1948) Lumiere, was a combined camera, projector and printer. This example was made by the instrument maker Jules Carpentier in Paris, France. The Lumiere brothers gave the first cinema show for a paying audience using the Cinematographe on 28 December 1895. Images were projected onto a screen at the Grand Cafe on the Boulevard des Capucines in Paris.