Power loom, 1857.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Model (scale 1:3). This power loom for simple plain weaving was made by Sevill and Woolstenhulme in 1857. It produces the most elementary kind of weaving, in which the weft croses over and under the warps alternately, and was used extensively for calico weaving. There is an arrangement for stopping the loom automatically if the shuttle does not reach its box after each pick, or if the weft should break, so that several machines could be supervised by one operator.