Vauxhall 5 hp motor car, 1903.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This is one of the first Vauxhall cars to be produced. It is a very early example of a stresed body-chasis construction, which was elaborated by Lancia in 1922 and increasingly adopted by the motor industry after 1950. This car has a 980cc engine mounted in a horizontal position under the dashboard, with a single cylinder to the rear, which is capable of propelling the car to a maximum speed of 25 mph. It has a two-speed gear and clutch system.