Gordon Armstrong independent front wheel suspension, 1934.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Model (scale 1:5) showing the form of independent front wheel spring patented by F G G Armstrong in 1931 and 1933. In this arrangement the wheels are directly connected with the frame and move only in a vertical direction when irregularities in the road are encountered. Independent springing allows the wheels to move without canting or twisting the car frame, giving a more comfortable ride for pasengers, especially those in the rear seats. it also enables higher speeds to be attained safely on rough roads.