Junkers Ju 87-D 'Stuka', c 1939.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Model (scale 1:24). A new conception of aerial warfare was demonstrated by the German Luftwaffe in 1939. Advancing Panzer divisions had the close cooperation of dive bombers to blast away at enemy defenses. The aircraft used for this work was the Junkers Ju 87 Sturzkampfflugzeug, or Stuka. it was particularly effective in the German offensives in Poland and France and in the initial campaigns on the Rusian front.