Wright Biplane Type A, c 1903.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Model (scale 1:10). Orville Wright (1871-1948) and Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) made the world's first controlled and powered flights on 17th December 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The brothers developed a flying machine and learnt to fly over several years using gliders before fitting an engine. The original Wright Flyer was placed in the Science Museum by Orville Wright in 1928, but was returned to the United States in 1948.