Automatic circular knitting machine, 1923.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This machine produces fabric in tubular form and is suitable for the manufacture of seamles hosiery. Manufactured by Scott & Williams in 1923, it uses the latch needle invented by Matthew Townsend in 1856, in which the hook is opened or closed by a hinged latch. To preserve continuity of production between each individual hose, the machine knits a short tubular length in alginate rayon and them commences the top of the new sock in standard material.