George Stephenson, English railway engineer, c 1810s.
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
Oil painting by an unknown artist of George Stephenson (1781-1848). In 1813, Stephenson was commisioned to design a steam locomotive for the Killingworth wagonway. He was the engineer for the Stockton & Darlington Railway (1825) and the Liverpool & Manchester Railway (1829). He advised on the construction of the Belgian State Railway (1835) and was involved with the construction of many of the English railways, hence his nickname 'the father of railways'.