Hetton Colliery railway, Hetton-le-Hole, County Durham, c 1822.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
A view of the railway that connected Hetton Colliery with its depot on the banks of the River Wear, near Sunderland in Durham. Also shown is a side elevation of the locomotive, tender and coal wagons. The words 'G Stephenson Patent Locomotive Steam Engine' is inscribed on the engine. Hetton colliery was notable for being the home of the first extensive private railway. The colliery used both stationary steam engines and locomotives under the direction of manager, Nicholas Wood, and the great engineer, George Stephenson, who went on to create the world's first public railway.