Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer, c 1820.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving after Lane, published 10 January 1831 of Thomas Telford (1757-1834). Telford was responsible for some of the finest feats of civil engineering seen in the early 19th century. His Caledonian Canal was constructed between 1803 and 1823, and the remarkable Menai Suspension Bridge, spanning 579 feet (174 metres) was built between 1819 and 1826. He was also responsible for St Katherine's Docks (1824-1828) in London and drained large tracts of the Fen country. In 1820, he became the first president of the Engineers' Institute.