'For the Conquest of the Air', 1908.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Coloured lithograph by 'Lupin' printed by L Monrocq, Paris, showing Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) and Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932) both wearing aircraft wings and jousting whilst on the shoulders of two other men. Wright and Santos-Dumont were at the forefront of aviation in the earliest days of powered flight. Together with his brother Orville, Wright designed and built the first aircraft to make a succesful powered flight, at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on 17th December 1903. Santos-Dumont was a Brazilian who lived in France. After initially involving himself in solving problems of airship design and propulsion, he succesfully developed his own powered aircraft, the No 14 'Bis', which made the first succesful flight in Europe, in 1906.