Charles Babbage, British mathematician and computing pioneer, 1832.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Stipple engraving after a portrait by John Linnell of Charles Babbage (1791-1871). Babbage was a computer pioneer, inventor, reformer, mathematician, scientist, philosopher and political economist. His Analytical Engine of 1834 was the first calculating engine designed along modern lines and he is said to be the 'father' of computing. Babbage is shown here aged 40, when he was Lucasian profesor of mathematics at Cambridge. 'On the Economy of Machinery and Manufacture' was published on 1 January 1833.