Large Hindu planispheric astrolabe, 1870.
4 0 c m
 
33cm
actual image size: 25cm x 32cm

Large Hindu planispheric astrolabe, 1870.

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

Description

Made by Sivalala, this large copper astrolabe with Sanskrit script was commisioned by Raja Ramasimha in 1870. An astrolabe is in esence a model of the universe that an astronomer could hold in their hands. From its origins in the Ancient World, Islamic astronomers developed the astrolabe and its use spread. Popular in Medieval and Renaisance Europe, its many uses included timekeeping, astrology and surveying. The two-dimensional depiction of the heavens used on this instrument is achieved using the mathematical technique of stereographic projection. This front view shows the moveable fretwork plate, called the 'rete', which denotes the positions of the stars by short straight pointers.
 

Image Ref.

10196301
 

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