Samuel Franklin Cody, British aviator, 1912.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Signed photograph of Cody, dated 18 December 1912, with inset of a plane. American-born Cody (1862-1913) obtained British nationality in 1896. Cody pioneered the manlifting kite as a means of military observation - the kite holds the observer while the cable is supported by several smaller kites. On 16 October 1908 Cody made the first powered flight in Britain in his British Army aeroplane No. 1 using a 50-hp Antoinette engine. He also took part in the planning and construction of the first British dirigible airship. He was killed in a flying accident the year after this photograph was taken.