'The capture of Henry VI', Northampton, 1460, (c 1950s).
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
British Railways carriage print by Edward Mortelmans, showing Henry VI (1421-1471) being captured at Northampton during the Wars of the Roses by Richard, Duke of York (1411-1460). Knights surround Henry prior to his crown being taken. Henry was the only child of Henry V (1387-1422). Crowned in England in 1429 and France in 1431, Henry had few kingly qualities and from the 1450s, suffered bouts of madness. Richard, Duke of York, raised an army against him in 1454 and began the Wars of the Roses at St Albans, Hertfordshire. Richard was killed in battle in 1460 but was replaced by his heir who became Edward IV (1442-1483). Henry briefly succeeded in reclaiming his throne in 1470, but was deposed and murdered in the Tower in 1471.