River Kwai, about 1955
© Science & Society
Bridge over the River Kwai, near Kanchanaburi, Thailand, by Patrick Ransome-Wallis, about 1955. This bridge is on the Bangkok to Rangoon Railway. The railway was built in 1943 by prisoners of war, captured by the Japanese, and over 100,000 men died during its construction, earning it the nickname the Death Railway. The story of The Bridge on the River Kwai was made into a film in 1957, directed by David Lean.