Re-enactment of the Rainhill Trials, 25 May 1980.
© Manchester Daily Express / Science & Society Picture Library
The 'Rocket' steams past the crowds at Rainhill. The 'Rocket', designed by Robert Stephenson (1803-1859) and George Stephenson (1781-1848) became famous after winning the Rainhill Trials, a competition staged in 1829 to establish the most efficient locomotive for haulage on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. The Rocket ran on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway from 1829 to 1836 and the Midgeholme Colliery Railway in County Durham between 1836 and 1840.