Savery's single receiver engine, c 1702.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph of Thomas Savery's (1650-1715) single receiver engine, taken from 'The Miner's Friend', 1702. Savery was an inventor and military engineer. In 1698 he patented the first practical high-pressure steam engine for pumping water from mines; it was superseded in 1712 by the much improved version designed in partnership with Thomas Newcomen (1663-1729). The earlier design was unsuccessful as the pipes carrying the steam burst.